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Assessment Results




Edgardo J. Griffith © 2017 Edgardo Griffith (1 of 3 )

AmphibiaWeb species account




Conservation Needs Assessment

Andinobates geminisae ,   Geminis' Poison Dart Frog /
Assessed for:  Panama   on: 03 Aug 2017   by: Roberto Ibáñez  
Assessment Status: Completed  
Order:   Anura     Family:   Dendrobatidae

IUCN Global Red List:   Not Evaluated (NE)   
IUCN National Red List:   (not assessed)   
Distribution:     Panama  
Evolutionary Distinctiveness score:   5.5 
Recommended Conservation Actions:   Rescue  , In Situ Conservation  , In Situ Research  , Ex Situ Research  , Conservation Education  , Biobanking   
Additional Comments:    

Question #Short NameQuestion TextResponseComments
1 Extinction risk Current IUCN Red List category. [Data obtained from the IUCN Red List.] Critically Endangered (CR) Based on criteria A3ce; B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v), according to the workshop: “Conservación de Anfibios de Panamá: Evaluación de Especies Amenazadas para Programas Ex situ y la Lista Roja de la UICN”, held on October 23, 2015, in Panama City, Panama. It has a very limited known distribution range, and its range is outside protected areas. Deforestation due to increasing human settlements and mining activities within its distribution range is a major threat to this species. Not clear if emerging diseases, such as chytridiomycosis, is a threat.
2 Possibly extinct Is there a strong possibility that this species might be extinct in the wild? No
3 Phylogenetic significance The taxon’s Evolutionary Distinctiveness (ED) score, as generated by the ZSL EDGE program. (These data are added by AArk staff, and are not editable by Assessors). ED value < 20
4 Protected habitat Is a population of at least 50% of the individuals of the taxon included within a reliably protected area or areas? No
5 Habitat for reintroduction Does enough suitable habitat exist, either within or outside of currently protected areas that is suitable for reintroduction or translocation? Yes There are some areas adjacent to their distribution range with suitable forest habitat. There are plans to create a protected area corridor in this adjacent area, but it have been started to be colonized by people.
6 Previous reintroductions Have reintroduction or translocation attempts been made in the past for this species? No
7 Threat mitigation Are the threats facing the taxon, including any new and emerging threats not considered in the IUCN Red List, potentially reversible? Threats cannot/will not be reversed in time
8 Over-collection from the wild Is the taxon suffering from unsustainable collection within its natural range, either for food, for the pet trade or for any other reason, which threatens the species’ continued persistence in the wild? No At least, currently, no known reports that it is being collected for the pet trade.
9 Population recovery Is the known population of this species in the wild large enough to recover naturally, without ex situ intervention if threats are mitigated? Unknown
10 Biological distinctiveness Does the taxon exhibit, for example, a distinctive reproductive mode, behaviour, aspect of morphology or physiology, within the Class Amphibia? Aspect of biology shared with < 6 other species
11 Cultural/socio-economic importance Does the taxon have a special human cultural value (e.g. as a national or regional symbol, in a historic context, featuring in traditional stories) or economic value (e.g. food, traditional medicine, tourism) within its natural range or in a wider global context? No
12 Scientific importance Is the species vital to current or planned research other than species-specific ecology/biology/conservation? (e.g. human medicine, climate change, environmental pollutants and conservation science), within the Class Amphibia? No research dependent on this species
13 Ex situ research Does conserving this species (or closely related species) in situ depend upon research that can be most easily carried out ex situ? Yes Ex situ research will provide information on several aspects of their reproductive biology that are currently unknown. In addition, due to its limited and patchy distribution, and the difficult access areas where it is found, ex situ research will allow us to learn more about this species.
14 Husbandry analog Do the biological and ecological attributes of this species make it suitable for developing husbandry regimes for more threatened related species? i.e. could this species be used in captivity to help to develop husbandry and breeding protocols which could be used for a similar, but more endangered species at a later stage? Yes The husbandry regime will be useful for other species of the genus Andinobates.
15 Captive breeding Has this species been successfully maintained and bred in captivity? Yes, bred to F1 Is being maintained and bred in captivity. Parentals have been breed to produce F1 frogs. A couple have reached adulthood, several are subadults. Panama Amphibian Rescue and Conservation project. Brian Gratwicke (gratwickeb@si.edu) Roberto Ibáñez (ibanezr@si.edu) Jorge Guerrel (guerrelj@si.edu)
16 Educational potential Is the species especially diurnal/active/colourful and therefore suited to be an educational ambassador for conservation of this group of species? Yes It is a tiny, diurnal, active and colorful frog. Their reproductive mode is different from "classic" one. Tadpoles carried in the back of adults into phytotelmata.
17 Mandate Is there an existing conservation mandate recommending the ex situ conservation of this taxon? Yes As result of environmental impact assessment (EIA) of a mine, the conservation management of this species was evaluated and it was recommended that this species should be maintained in an ex situ program. The Panamanian Ministry of Environment periodically oversees the compliance of the conservation actions on this species as indicated in this EIA.
18 Range State approval Would a proposed ex situ initiative for this species be supported (and approved) by the range State (either within the range State or out-of-country ex situ)? Yes
19 Founder specimens Are sufficient animals of the taxon available or potentially available (from wild or captive sources) to initiate the specified ex situ program? Yes
20 Taxonomic status Has a complete taxonomic analysis of the species in the wild been carried out, to fully understand the functional unit you wish to conserve (i.e. have species limits been determined)? Yes

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